In that of an unaffected individual, the brain is constantly uploading information from the environment into a grid-like fashion. The part of the brain called the fusiform gyrus functions to perform visual information paired with memory. When functioning proficiently, this allows you to avoid bumping into walls, helps you memorize designated landmarks – such as where you are seated in a room, and helps you recognize the facial features of someone you know.
Some people with prosopagnosia cannot recognize certain facial expressions, judge a person’s age or gender, or follow a person’s gaze. They are often disoriented in public spaces, and are unable to retrace their path to re-orient themselves effectively. Others may not even recognize their own face in the mirror or in photos. Prosopagnosia can affect a person’s ability to recognize objects, such as places or cars, and faces of those they love.
Dig in to these articles about Prosopagnosia.
the process or activity of ascertaining one’s position and planning and following a route. “finding home” “the hospital uses color to assist with wayfinding
Wayfinding encompasses all of the ways in which people orient themselves in physical space and navigate from place to place.
A dog has a natural intuition of where “home” is. Think of Homeward Bound the Incredible Journey – based on a true story. 3 dogs travelled 300 miles to find their way home.
Or, consider the heritage of rough collies – used diversely to herd sheep – they have a built-in compass – north south east west, always keeping the flock always together and moving towards the designated landmark.